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George Washington Scott was a prominent merchant, planter, soldier, politician, and industrialist. Born in Alexandria, Pennsylvania on February 22, 1829, Scott visited Florida in 1850 and moved to Quincy the following year. In 1852 Scott, moving to Tallahassee, established a mercantile exchange and became involved in plantation agriculture. In 1860 Scott enlisted in the Tallahassee Guards, a Leon County militia organization. Upon the formation of the Confederacy he was appointed Captain of Company D, Second Florida Cavalry. Scott organized and was elected lieutenant-colonel of the Fifth Florida Cavalry Battalion in 1863.
The Fifth Florida Cavalry served throughout middle and east Florida. Scott's unit participated in the February, 1864 Battle of Olustee and in subsequent actions in the vicinity of Jacksonville. In March 1865 Scott and his men played a prominent roll in the Battle of Natural Bridge. This action prevented a Union occupation of the State Capital. Scott's unit surrendered, and was paroled at Tallahassee, in May 1865.
Returning to his civilian career following the war, Scott briefly entered politics. In 1868 during the turbulent Reconstruction Era, he unsuccessfully ran for Florida Governor on the Democratic ticket. He became involved in real estate, cotton manufacturing, and the phosphate industry. In addition, he was a founder of Agnes Scott College in Atlanta, Ga., which is named after his mother. Scott died on October 3, 1903 in Atlanta.
These papers document the many facets of the life of George Washington Scott; although the Civil War period is most heavily represented. The collection contains personal and official military correspondence, Civil War reports and hand-drawn maps, a partial muster roll of the Fifth Florida Cavalry, an account of the Battle of Natural Bridge by General William Miller, and other related items. There are also newspaper clippings, genealogical information, and a typescript copy of his diary from 1850-1851. The Civil War maps, hand-drawn by Scott, are also available in photographic prints.
Folder listing available.
Additional Physical Form:
Location of Originals/Duplicates:
In possession of donor.
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Subject Access Fields:
Confederate States of America. Army. --Florida Cavalry Regiment, 2nd. Confederate States of America. Army. --Tallahassee Guards. Agnes Scott College. Confederate States of America. Army. --Florida Cavalry Battalion, 5th.
Natural Bridge (Fla.), Battle of, 1865. Olustee (Fla.), Battle of, 1864.
Military maps. aat Diaries. aat
Florida History Civil War, 1861-1865