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Record Group Number: 001020
Series/Collection Number: .S 1489
Creator: United States. Army.  --Dept. of the South.
Title, Dates: Census of the District of Florida, 1864-1865.
Amount: 0.50 cubic ft.
Medium Included:
Organization/Arrangement: Arranged by geographic area.
Terms Governing Use:
Biographical/Historical:     As an administrative measure the United States Army divided the nation into departments.  The departments were established to control the military forces within certain geographic boundaries. Those areas that were captured while in rebellion were governed by military officers of the department rather than by civilian officials.  The departments were named to reflect the geographic areas that they administered.
    In 1864 the Department of the South was headquartered in the Hilton Head/Beaufort area of South Carolina.  It included the Districts of Florida and Georgia as well as the District of South Carolina.  The Union forces that comprised the District of Florida occupied the major population centers of the state.
Summary:     The series consists of portions of censuses that where conducted in the District of Florida during 1864 and 1865.  These portions survey the residents of Jacksonville, St. Augustine, the St. Johns River area, Amelia Island, and Fernandina.
    The 1864 census was conducted in the Jacksonville, St. Augustine, and St. Johns area.  It is divided by race and enumerates all persons by name, status of citizenship, place of birth, and whether the enumerated was a free person of color or "contraband". The status of contraband was applied to those persons who had been held in bondage but were now free or within the Union lines.  Those persons enumerated as contraband also had the name of their former slave master recorded.
    The 1865 census is of the Amelia Island area.  It is limited to "colored" and notes relationships among the enumerated, ages, sex, former slave masters, where the person was held in bondage, and the enumerated's occupation.  Wives of men in the Union Army are also noted.
Finding Aids: Folder listing available.
Additional Physical Form:
Reproduction Note: Photocopies.
Location of Originals/Duplicates: Originals are located in the National Archives, Washington, D.C..
Associated Materials:
Language Notes:
Ownership/Custodial History: Depositor had photocopied the originals for her own use.
Publication Note:
General Note:
Electronic Records Access:
Subject Access Fields: Reconstruction Florida
African Americans History 1863-1877. Florida
Census records. aat
Jacksonville (Fla.)
Saint Augustine (Fla.)
Florida History Civil War, 1861-1865
United States History Civil War, 1861-1865
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