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Record Group Number: 000293
Series/Collection Number: .S 1921
Creator: Florida Livestock Board.
Title, Dates: Swine vesicular exanthema inspection files, 1953-1955.
Amount: 1.0 cubic ft.
Medium Included:
Organization/Arrangement: Alphabetical by inspectors' last names.
Terms Governing Use:
Biographical/Historical:     The State Live Stock Sanitary Board was created in 1923 (Ch. 9201, Laws) to regulate Florida's livestock industry. With seven to nine members chosen by the governor, the board regulated the import and export of meat and livestock, inspected meat sellers,  and controlled animal diseases such as cattle tick fever, hog cholera, and tuberculosis. The board also appointed a state veterinarian to oversee day to day operations. The first state veterinarian was J.V. Knapp. His successor was C.L. Campbell, who served from 1952-1961. In 1953, the Board's name was changed to the Florida Livestock Board. That Board was abolished in January 1961 and its duties transferred to the Dept. Of Agriculture's Division of Animal Industry (Ch. 59-54; Ch. 61-59, Laws).
    Vesicular exanthema (VE) was an infectious disease found only in swine, and only in the United States. It was fist discovered in California in 1932, and the last reported case was in 1956. The disease was very similar to foot and mouth disease, forming blisters on the swine's feet and snout, and accompanied by fevers with loss of energy and appetite. No human outbreak was ever reported. Eradication was through animal destruction and control of live stock movement. The main cause of the disease's spread was the feeding to pigs of uncooked garbage, which contained scraps of infected pork. After a major outbreak of VE in 1952, several states including Florida outlawed the feeding of uncooked garbage to swine. A national law followed in 1954. Florida's 1953 law (Ch. 28312, Laws) also required permits for feeding cooked garbage to animals. The Florida State Livestock Board was charged with enforcing the law, inspecting hog farms, and issuing permits.
Summary:   This series documents Florida's efforts to prevent and eradicate the spread of swine vesicular exanthema (VE) among live stock through its Florida Livestock Board. Consisting of weekly field inspection reports by board inspectors, the series provides information on Florida's hog farms and the extent of the disease in the state between 1953 and 1955.

Finding Aids: Folder listing available. 0
Additional Physical Form:
Reproduction Note:
Location of Originals/Duplicates:
Associated Materials: Series S52, State Live Stock Sanitary Board scrapbooks, 1926-1960, contains related information from this office.
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Electronic Records Access:
Subject Access Fields: Florida. State Livestock Sanitary Board.
Florida Livestock Board.
Animal industry Florida.
Agriculture Florida
Veterinarians Florida.
Vesicular exanthema of swine.
Reports. aat
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