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The State Veterinarian was the executive secretary of the State Livestock Sanitary Board. Created in 1923, the Board regulated the import and export of meat and livestock, inspected meat sellers, and controlled animal diseases such as cattle tick fever, hog cholera, and tuberculosis. They also chose the State Veterinarian, who sat in on the Board's meetings, hired employees such as range riders, investigators and veterinarians, approved disbursements, and handled public relations. The Board's name was changed in 1953 to the Florida Livestock Board. In 1961, the Board was abolished and its duties were transferred to the Dept. of Agriculture's Division of Animal Industry.
Hog cholera, also known as classical swine fever, is a highly contagious viral disease which only occurs in hogs. The disease causes high fevers, loss of appetite, and reproductive malfunctions. In acute cases, death occurs within ten days. It is spread through direct contact, secretions and excrement, as well as human contact and unwashed farm equipment. The first report of the disease was in 1833, and by the 1960s, it was costing farmers millions a year in losses. The USDA maintained a Agricultural Research Station (ARS) in Live Oak, Florida, where it developed several serums. Hog cholera was finally eradicated in the U.S. in 1978.
Jean V. Knapp was the first state veterinarian, chosen in 1923 by Governor Cary Hardee. Born in Wilimington, Illinois 29 September 1889, Knapp came to Florida in 1915 with a Doctorate in Veterinarian Medicine (DVM) from Colorado Agricultural College. Employed by the Federal government, Knapp was a district supervisor for the U.S. Tick Eradication program. He worked for the program until the State Livestock Sanitary Board's creation in 1923. He served as State Veterinarian until 1952, when his assistant, C.L. Campbell took over.
This series contains the correspondence, reports, and other materials documenting the Florida Livestock Sanitary Board's efforts to control and eradicate hog cholera. These records were maintained by State Veterinarian Jean V. Knapp. Only records from the year 1945 are available.
Folder listing available.
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Knapp, Jean Vincent, 1889-1952.
Florida. State Livestock Sanitary Board. United States. Dept. of Agriculture.
Animal industry Florida Agriculture Florida Veterinarians Florida Legislation Florida