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Record Group Number: 000293
Series/Collection Number: .S 1874
Creator: Florida. State Livestock Sanitary Board.
Title, Dates: Financial records, 1923-1957.
Amount: 31.00 v.
Medium Included:
Organization/Arrangement: Arranged by subject.
Terms Governing Use:
Biographical/Historical: The State Live Stock Sanitary Board was created in 1923 (Ch. 9201, Laws) to regulate Florida's livestock industry. With seven to nine members chosen by the governor, the board regulated the import and export of meat and livestock, inspected meat sellers,  and controlled animal diseases such as cattle tick fever, hog cholera, and tuberculosis. The board also appointed a state veterinarian to oversee day to day operations. The first state vet was J.V. Knapp. His successor was C.L. Campbell, in 1952, who served until 1961. In 1953, the Board's name was changed to the Florida Livestock Board. That Board was then abolished in January 1961, and its duties transferred to the Dept. Of Agriculture's Division of Animal Industry (Ch. 59-54; CH. 61-59, Laws).
    One of the major functions of the Board was the eradication of tick fevers. In the early 1900s, the Texas Tick fever entered Florida from imported cattle. By the 1920s, the State Livestock Sanitary Board was requiring all cattle owners to dip their cows with an arsenic solution every 14 days. The state reimbursed them 3 cents for every head of cattle. In 1935, the tropical tick fever broke resulting in more treatments and Board-led destruction of thousands of white-tail deer which harbored the tick. Finally from the 1930s  to the 1950s, the Screw worm fly infested Florida's cattle, derived from "Dust Bowl cattle" imported from Texas and Oklahoma, and they were also treated by the Board. The Board regulated not only treatments during its tenure, but also the importation of livestock into the state.
Summary:     This series contains the financial records of the State Livestock Sanitary Board from 1923 to 1957. Records include documentation of reimbursements to cattle owners for dipping, dairy and beef imports into Florida, serum and virus inventories and treatments, tick eradication expenses, and salaries and expenses of Board's members and employees. These records provide information on Florida's cattle industry, intrastate commerce, and veterinarian techniques of the mid-20th century. The records were originally bound in ledger books; some have been disbound for preservation and research purposes.

Finding Aids: Volume listing available.
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Electronic Records Access:
Subject Access Fields: Florida. State Livestock Sanitary Board.
Animal industry Florida
Agriculture Florida
Cattle Florida
Veterinarians Florida
Ranches Florida
Tick-borne diseases in animals.
Tax collection
Financial records. aat
Ledgers. aat
Added Entries