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Record Group Number: 001025
Series/Collection Number: .S 1378
Creator: National Archives Microfilm Publications.
Title, Dates: Enrollment cards of the five civilized tribes, 1898-1914.
Amount: 93.00 microfilm reel 35 mm.
Medium Included:
Organization/Arrangement: Arranged by tribe, then by category of tribe (e.g. Cherokee by Blood, Cherokee Minors by Blood, etc.), then numerical by "field" or "census card" number.
Terms Governing Use:
Summary:     This microfilm publication contains the enrollment cards prepared by the staff of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole) between 1898 and 1914.
    The Commission enrolled individuals as "citizens" of a tribe under the following categories:  Citizens by Blood, Citizens by Marriage, New Born Citizens by Blood (enrolled under an act of Congress approved March 3, 1905, 33 Stat. 1071), Minor Citizens by Blood (enrolled under an act of Congress approved April 26, 1906, 34 Stat. 137), Freedmen (former black slaves of Indians, later freed and admitted to tribal citizenship), New Born Freedmen, and Minor Freedmen.  Delaware Indians adopted by the Cherokee tribe were enrolled as a separate group within the Cherokee.  Within each enrollment category, the Commission generally maintained three types of cards:  "Straight" cards for persons whose applications were approved, "D" cards for persons whose applications were considered doubtful and subject to question, and "R" cards for persons whose applications were rejected.  Persons listed On "D" cards were subsequently transferred to either "Straight" or "R" cards depending on the Commission's decisions. All decisions of the Commission were sent to the Secretary of the Interior for final approval.
    An enrollment card, sometimes referred to by the Commission as a "census card," records the information provided by individual applications submitted by members of the same family group or household and includes notation of the actions taken.  The information given for each applicant includes name, roll number (individual's number if enrolled), age, sex, degree of Indian blood, relationship to the head of the family group, parents' names, and references to enrollment on earlier rolls used by the Commission for verification of eligibility.  The card often includes references to kin-related enrollment cards and notations about births, deaths, changes in marital status, and actions taken by the Commission and the Secretary of the Interior. Within each enrollment category, the cards are arranged numerically by a "field" or "census card" number which is separate from the roll number.
    The index to the final rolls, which is reproduced on roll 1 of this publication, provides the roll number for each person while the final rolls themselves provide the census card numbers for each enrollee. No indexes have been located for the majority of the "D" and "R" cards.  There are a few Mississippi Choctaw "Identified" and "Field Cards" as well as some Chickasaw "Cancelled" that refer to persons never finally enrolled.
Finding Aids: Microfilm listing available.
Additional Physical Form:
Reproduction Note: Microfilm.
Location of Originals/Duplicates: Archives Branch of the Federal Archives and Records Center, Fort Worth, Texas, from the Records of the Office of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75.
Associated Materials:
Language Notes:
Ownership/Custodial History:
Publication Note: National Archives Microfilm Publication M1186.
General Note:
Electronic Records Access:
Subject Access Fields: Seminole Indians.
Cherokee Indians.
Indians of North America Southern States
Choctaw Indians.
Chickasaw Indians.
Creek Indians.
Delaware Indians.
Indians of North America Florida
Census records. aat
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